Illieracy is one of the biggest problems in the third world countries. It is spreading as quick as a forest fire among women especially in rural areas. The government has already lauunched several campaigns aiming at reducing the rate. However, this is not enough. We should build more and more schools in remote regions. Moreover, we ought to urge villagers to send their children , mainly girls, to school. Mass media should play a major role to fight this phenomenon which hinders development through special prgrammes so as to show the importance of literacy and its benefits for individuals no matter how differents in age or sex they are.
One of the most serious issues in the world today is the brain drain phenomenon. Thousands of intellectuals leave their native country in search for a better life. There are many factors that breed this situation. First, the lack of job opportunies is one of them. Moreover, the host country offers better work conditions and ensures a comfortable life for these new comers. This “Capital flight” as many people call it has both positive and negative effects. It not only helps these brainy people to improve their standards of living but it also enables them to contribute to the development of their home country when they come back. One way to prevent this, is to offer to these people tempting salaries and opportunities to ameliorate their potentials inside their home country
THE DRIFT TOWARDS CITIES
More and more villagers move towards cities every year in search for a better life. This drift is due to many reasons. First, the city offers many job opportunities with tempting salaries. Second, life necessities such as water,
electricity, transport, health care, education and entertainment are available. Moreover, severe droughts and unemployment are the major cause of this drift. Once these villagers set foot on a big city, they find it hard to adjust to the new life. The city now is crammed with people and vehicles. As a result, pollution and waste are everywhere which affects people’s health
MY SCHOOL'S PROJECT
Some of my classmates and I decided to take part in our school’s project. We wanted to change the way the classroom looked. The walls had bad writings on them, the rooms were dirty and unsuitable for learning and the windows were broken. A group got in charge of painting the walls. We wanted the classrooms to be bright and nicely decorated. Some replaced broken windows and repaired the lamps. At first, the idea seemed impossible. But now, I can say that team work always pays off. I never knew how important voluntary work was until I took part in my school’s project. Thanks to a goup work, our school now looks different. In fact, its name used among other schools as a model of cleanness.
A WOMAN'S PARTICIPATION IN DEVELOPMENT
Nobody can deny the fact that a woman’s place in society is extremely crucial. Her presence and contribution in many domains solve many problems. At the political level, a woman’s presence in regional, national and international meetings is vital to speak on the behalf of millions of deprived, illiterate and defenceless women. Who can better urge a woman to get educated and struggle for rights than a womn herself ?
At the economic level, she can support her family financially and help them lead a comfortable life. A working woman has got the means to improve the standard of living of the people under her responsibility by providing adequate food, better education and health care. At the social level, she can participate in the development of her country by going out to work and sharing responsibility with man. Thus, she can bridge gaps, and build confidence among hopeless and desperate women. Both women and men can ensure a safer world for the coming generations.
POVERTY Poverty has many causes. First, it is due to severe droughts. Irregular weathers have been so frequent for many years. As a consequence, farming faces hard times and farmers give up their jobs, abandon their land and move to cities. Another reason is that wars : civil wars, ethnic wars etc break out here and there. As a result, millions of people leave their homeland in search of a safer place. Globalization has made the poor poorer and the rich richer. Hence, poverty has led millions of people throughout the world to immigrate to richer and safer places.
Advanced technology has deeply transformed our life. It has shortened distances and improved the way we live. No doubt, life is much more comfortable than ever before. Nevertheless, modern life has drawbacks. Millions of people are on the dole because the factories where they work have closed down. More than this, economic crisis compels these firms to limit services and reduce their work opportunities. As a result, many people find themselves in the street. Another factor that contibutes to unemployment is that machines are taking man’s place. Employers strongly hold the view that automation speeds up production and stablises its pace. What’s more, machines never go on a strike and do not ask for a raise in salaries !..
Street kids, runaways, or children living in poverty are sometimes intentionally disfigured to attract more money from passersby. These victims are often beaten or injured if they don't bring in enough money. They are also vulnerable to sexual abuse.Ranging in age from three to eighteen, about 40% are homeless. They are unable to attend school and are considered to live in "especially difficult circumstances”. , these children are the defenseless victims of brutal violence, sexual exploitation, Street living children Many specialists regard stress as modern man’s main problem. It not only makes one feel bored and lazy but it also fills him or her with despair. Now, what are the causes ? Fisrt, one essential cause is insufficient sleep. Research has proved that those who stay up late in front of computers or TV, for example, are easy prays. That’s to say, these peolpe start suffering from lack of concentration. As a result, they find it hard to do their duties properly. Students, in particular, inevitably miss classes and fail to fulfill satisfactory school results. Another cause for stress is the race against time that some people find themselves inside of it. They do everything in a rush for fear that they would run out of time. Stressed people are moody, bad-tempered and irritable. Consequently, they constantly have rows and quarrels which makes life with them unbearable. Another thing is that these people see life from a dark side. They are all the time complaining, criticizing and dis contented. Gradually, they will reach the top of despair and become pessimistic. As a consequence, many of them will think about putting an end to their lives ! Doctors advise people to get enough sleep, avoid stimulants and manage time well. This, of course will help in feeling more at ease and relaxed.illness, or have been abandoned because they had It is not unusual to see children as young as four or five years old working in the street, selling chewing gum and matches. These children often resort to theft and prostitution for survival. Most of them are addicted to shoe glue, which cause brain damage They put it into bottles, and hide it under their tee shirts, guarding it with their lives. They sniff it constantly because it gets them high and masks their loneliness and gives them security. Soon they
are on to harder drugsWithout education they have little hope of getting a decent job or building a better life in the future.